This snake is highly venomous and considered to be one of the deadliest snakes on earth. In captivity it may also eat day-old chicks. [51][52], The inland taipan is also on public display in Australia at the Australia Zoo,[53] Australian Reptile Park,[54] Billabong Sanctuary,[28] Cairns Tropical Zoo,[55] Lone Pine Koala Sanctuary[56] and Shoalhaven Zoo. [74][86], The inland taipan's venom consists of:[79], Paradoxin (PDX) appears to be one of the most potent, if not the most potent, beta-neurotoxin yet discovered. We have good reason to believe taipan venom is specially designed for taking down rats as quickly as possible. [6][82] Compared to the beaked sea snake (Enhydrina schistosa) 0.164 mg/kg, Indian cobra 0.565 mg/kg, North American eastern diamondback rattlesnake 11.4 mg/kg, etc.,[81] the inland taipan has a smaller venom yield than its cousin the coastal taipan yet its venom is almost four times as toxic. Two specimens[10] of the fierce snake were discovered in the junction of the Murray and Darling Rivers in northwestern Victoria and described by Frederick McCoy, who called the species Diemenia microlepidota, or small-scaled brown snake. Neither snakes are aggressive, they are at most, defensive. The eye is of average size with a blackish brown iris and without a noticeable coloured rim around the pupil. The eggs are usually laid in abandoned animal burrows and deep crevices. kingsnake.com September Guest Chatter (September 16, 2006). 4. Published: 09:47 BST, 27 September 2012 | Updated: 09:55 BST, 28 September 2012. ‘It can kill someone within maybe 45 minutes and there have even been reports of people experiencing effects of the venom within half an hour.’. [29] The word "fierce" from its alternative name describes its venom, not its temperament. However, despite the fact that Australia is home to the top three most venomous snakes in the world, only two to four fatalities occur each year, compared to 11,000 in Asia.

Reproduction rate depends in part on their diet: if there is not enough food, then the snake will reproduce less. [84], Belcher's sea snake (Hydrophis belcheri), which many times is mistakenly called the hook-nosed sea snake (Enhydrina schistosa), has been erroneously popularized as the most venomous snake in the world, due to Ernst and Zug's published book Snakes in Question: The Smithsonian Answer Book from 1996. No recorded incidents have been fatal since the advent of the monovalent (specific) antivenom therapy,[6][28][105] though it can take weeks to recover from such a severe bite.

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[31][90] Because it can act so fast, it can kill a person within about 45 minutes. All were treated successfully with antivenom.
[80], The first local and general symptoms of a bite are local pain and variable non-specific effects which may include headache, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, dizziness, collapse or convulsions leading to major organ effects: neurotoxicity, coagulopathy, rhabdomyolysis or kidney failure/damage and finally death. The teenager brought the snake with him when he attended hospital, but it has not been revealed whether it had been killed or whether it was still alive in a container. The inland taipan averages approximately 1.8 metres (5.9 ft) in total length, although larger specimens can reach total lengths of 2.5 metres (8.2 ft). [31] Since it has been determined (Covacevich et al., 1981) that the fierce snake (formerly: Parademansia microlepidota) is actually part of the genus Oxyuranus (taipan), another species, Oxyuranus scutellatus, which was previously known simply as the "taipan" (coined from the aboriginal snake's name Dhayban), was renamed the "coastal taipan" (or eastern taipan), while the now newly classified Oxyuranus microlepidotus became commonly known as the "inland taipan" (or western taipan). [27] Firstly, but not always, it makes a threat display by raising its forebody in a tight low S-shaped curve with its head facing the threat.
Miss Mendezona said bites from the taipan were rare because its natural habitat was not highly populated and it is believed no-one has died from a bite from the species. It has 23 rows of dorsal scales at midbody, between 55 and 70 divided subcaudal scales, and one anal scale. [35] The specific name microlepidotus means "small-scaled" (Latin). The inland taipan is dark tan, ranging from a rich, dark hue to a brownish light-green, depending on season.


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