Shape The World. All three species have faced threats, but currently only the mountain zebra and the Grévy’s zebra are listed as threatened species. In Ethiopia, hunting is the primary cause of the decline of Grevy’s zebras. The Plain Zebras are well established in the jungles of Africa. Copyright © 2017. Censuses conducted in 2008 estimated there were 1,500 individuals, while 50 years prior fewer than 100 remained. Mountain Zebras are valuable companions for antelopes, because of their heightened senses, allowing to spot predators much faster. Mountain zebras eat mostly grass, bark, leaves and tree and shrub shoots. Most of the day is spent grazing and monitoring the surroundings, in fear of possible predators. There are also captive breeding programs in zoos around the world and these are important for increasing the numbers of zebras as well as increasing genetic diversity. Zebras are members of the horse family (Equidae) found only in Africa. Most conservation efforts focus on reducing illegal poaching and creating reserves (such as national parks) for these animals to live in safety. More to come soon. It is assumed that it was her ancient naturalists who called the “tiger horse”. After an almost year long pregnancy, one (rarely two) calf is born, who can already walk in one hour. Add to it their glorious confident persona in groups, and zebras come across as simply fascinating. They are primarily hunted for their striking skins, but will occasionally be killed for food and, in some regions, medicinal uses continue. The estimated population for the Cape mountain zebra is around 600 and for the Hartmanns mountain zebra, the estimated population is believed to be around 7000. Why the Mountain Zebra Specie is Endangered. In captivity contain about 600 zebras. As a result, the specie is under constant threat from the higher members of the food chain such as the carnivores. The Cape mountain zebra occurs in the mountainous regions of Cape Province, South Africa, and the Hartmanns zebra occurs in extreme southwestern Angola and western Namibia. Are you inspired by endangered animals? Two subspecies of mountain zebra, Cape mountain zebras and Hartmann’s mountain zebras, live in mountainous regions of Namibia, western and southern Africa. The Mountain Zebra herd is made up of one mature stallion, one to six mares and their calves. As the animals eat different kinds of food, they don’t have to compete. This animal has adapted very well to the unpleasant hot and arid climate – this zebra can live for up to three days without drinking water. The Mountain Zebra, much like other horse species, feeds on grass. Search for an endangered species profile. It averages around 7 to 8.5 feet in length and weighs from 550 to 800 lb. Zebras have been slaughtered for their skin and hide by unscrupulous hunters from many years now, and this is acknowledged as the major cause of the Mountain Zebra’s endangered status. Grevy Zebras get their name from an interesting historical anecdote. African farmers consider the Mountain Zebra a pest, because they compete with livestock for grass. Required fields are marked *, You can use these HTML tags and attributes
. A distinguishable Mountain Zebra feature that sets it apart from other zebra species is that the black lines are considerably thicker than the white.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'itsnature_org-medrectangle-4','ezslot_3',627,'0','0'])); These zebras live in small family herds, often living next to antelope groups. To date, it is believed that the number of living in the wild zebra Grevy is no more than 2,500. Empower Her. They exhibit increased activity at dawn and dusk. Zebras have been slaughtered for their skin and hide by unscrupulous hunters from many years now, and this is acknowledged as the major cause of the Mountain Zebra’s endangered status. In the past, Grevy’s zebra or desert zebra was spread from Egypt to North Africa, where it was exterminated back in ancient times. The Cape mountain zebra, a subspecies of the mountain zebra was almost hunted to extinction in the 1930′s. Zebra sperm and eggs are being frozen and stored to ensure the survival of this animal. The dissipating forest covers all over the world can do the efforts of wildlife conservationists no good. Also, droughts have also been a threat to the species. As the animals eat different kinds of food, they don’t have to compete. If not for the stripes, a zebra would look very similar to other horse species. Both subspecies were listed on the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List as endangered in 2006. Mueller holds a Bachelor of Arts in political science from the University of North Carolina at Asheville and a Juris Doctor from Indiana University Maurer School of Law. Traditionally, the main threat to the zebra was due to overhunting. Both subspecies are protected by national law and by international treaty, which bans international commercial trade of mountain zebras or products manufactured from their skin or parts. The Mountain Zebra herd is made up of one mature stallion, one to six mares and their calves. Also, droughts have also … In captivity contain about 600 zebras. Two years after birth, they have become mature. The expansion of human agriculture has also harmed the ability for these zebras to sustain themselves, leading to a major decline in their population. Cape mountain zebras are the smaller of the two, and are the smallest living zebras. Also, droughts have also been a threat to the species. Conversion of much of the mountain zebra’s habitat for agricultural production contributes heavily to the animal’s endangered status. The female produces a single foal that remains with the mother for up to three years. National parks and wildlife reserves have helped restore Cape mountain zebra populations. Want to Know it? They are one of the very few animals that have skin that can be used for such purposes such as clothing textile or bags. To date, it is believed that the number of living in the wild zebra Grevy is no more than 2,500. The Mountain Zebra has … To maintain their production, ranchers cull herds of zebras, both legally and illegally. It differs from the other zebra species in that it does not live in harems and has few long-lasting social bonds. Why are zebras endangered? If you have a question you can search for the answer below! The expanding livestock industry in southern Africa forces mountain zebras into competition for already scarce resources. Also, sometimes chews tree bark, and eats sprouts, leaves and fruits. Hunting and competition with domestic livestock is the main cause of the zebras population decline. Jules Grevy, a former French President received one such zebra from Abyssinia in the 1880s. Currently, the future of the Mountain Zebras is unclear – even though hunting has ceased and they’re protected by laws, it’s unknown whether their population is increasing. Today, they are protected from hunting throughout much of their range, although illegal hunting still takes place. Hartmann's Mountain Zebra, Cape Mountain Zebra, Equus zebra zebra, This article is only an excerpt. Would you like to receive a notice and link when the My first experience of the Mountain Zebra National Park was more than 25 years ago when I spent three days in the rest camp with some friends. Conservation efforts But the Quatta Zebra has already become extinct in the 1800's. In an effort to save this species, a species management and monitoring plan has been … It is the need of the hour for all humans to recognize the real threat posed to biodiversities of all sorts, zebras included. Although mountain zebras historically lived all over southern Africa, the Cape mountain zebra now exists only on nationally protected wildlife preserves. Even know, the use of the stripes is unknown – they were first believed to serve a purpose of camouflage, while nowadays more common is the opinion that the stripes serve a means of identification of individuals, as the pattern of the stripes is unique for each specimen, just like a human fingerprint. As of 2008, the status of the Hartmann’s mountain zebra was improved from “endangered” to “vulnerable.”. Be Her Village. In captivity contain about 600 zebras. An insanely materialistic attitude has blinded man from the past few centuries now, the result being the exponential decrease in the number of zebras jogging on the earth. Hunting and competition with domestic livestock is the main cause of the zebras population decline. Hi, I'm Tim and I want to welcome you to wanttoknowit.com. Today, they are protected from hunting throughout much of their range, although illegal hunting still takes place. It was more of a bachelors' getaway than a visit to a game park. Farmers often fence their land, which keeps zebras from grazing and prohibits their access to water sources. The mountain zebra is a herbivore and this means that it is lower in the list of the food chain. Stallion territoriality and mother–foal relationships form the basis of the social system of the Grévy's zebra. Zebras were commonly hunted for their unique skins (hide), but they were also sometime hunted as a source of food. Your email address will not be published. To date, it is believed that the number of living in the wild zebra Grevy is no more than 2,500. Therefore, a bounty was issued for every zebra tail and one subspecies of the Mountain Zebra reached a critical population of only 27 individuals. Increased competition with cattle and livestock that feed on grass pressurizes their already distressful situation. At this time there were about 100 members of this subspecies remaining in the wild, but the numbers have recovered since then and there are now about 3,000 in the wild. It has long ears and a dewlap below its chin, and strong hooves for climbing in mountainous terrain. games and coloring pages! Its belly is white with one black stripe. These conflicting interests are most severe in times of drought. Though they prefer mountainous regions for their habitat, they are known to move to lower elevations to graze in cold weather and seek shelter in caves or wooded areas. Did you know? The zebra family is divided into three major groupings – the Plains Zebra, the Grevy Zebra and the Mountain Zebra. The Grévy’s zebra is the most at risk of extinction with only about 3,000 members of the species in the wild today. The gestation period is one year. In an effort to save this species, a species management and monitoring plan has been developed to manage the zebra population in many protected areas. The African forest and wildlife conservation authorities have been unable to keep a tab on the poaching activities going on uninhibitedly in the dense woods of the region. Over the centuries, Grevy’s zebra was a merciless hunt, in order to get a beautiful skin, which became a favorite decoration of the interior. The Mountain Zebra, also called Equus Zebra, finds home in the southern and southwestern Africa. new Creature Feature is posted? Why are zebras endangered? Hartmann’s mountain zebra lives in fragmented populations on unprotected land. Hartmann’s mountain zebra lives in fragmented populations on unprotected land. Hunting and competition with domestic livestock is the main cause of the zebras population decline. Answers to life's questions, Why are Whale Sharks an Endangered Species, How Many Countries Make up the Commonwealth. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The mountain zebra is found in mountainous regions of southwestern Africa. The male could control the group for years until he is defeated by a younger male in combat. The rapid advent of the age of urbanization has also set the alarm bells ringing for zebras because the wide scale sorest clearing means less room for zebras. Your email address will not be published.

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